Today in History – May 23
Washington, D.C. Infantry Unit with Fixed Bayonets Followed by Ambulances Passing on Pennsylvania Avenue… Mathew B. Brady, photographer, 1865. Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints. Prints & Photographs Division
On May 23, 1865, the Army of the Potomac celebrated the end of the Civil War by parading down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C. Only weeks before, mourners watched Abraham Lincoln’s funeral cortege travel the same thoroughfare. With many buildings still dressed in black crepe, this joyous procession could not help but remind spectators of that unhappy occasion.
When Johnny comes Marching Home Again, Hurrah, hurrah!
We’ll give him a hearty welcome then, Hurrah, hurrah!
The men will cheer, the boys will shout, The ladies, they will all turn out,
And we’ll all feel gay, When Johnny comes marching home
Although Pennsylvania Avenue extends seven miles, the expanse between the White House and the Capitol constitutes the ceremonial heart of the nation. Washington called this stretch “most magnificent & most convenient” and it has served the country well. Ever since an impromptu procession formed around Jefferson’s second inauguration, each United States president has paraded down the Avenue after taking the oath of office. From William Henry Harrison to John F. Kennedy the funeral corteges of the seven presidents who died in office followed this route.
Photographs of the Grand Review of the Army, probably the work of Mathew Brady, are available in the collection Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints. Use the Timeline of the Civil War, 1865 to locate more images of the final days of the war.
The collection The Last Days of a President: Films of McKinley and the Pan-American Exposition, 1901 contains film footage of McKinley’s ride down Pennsylvania Avenue to the Capitol were he took the oath of office for the second time. The President’s funeral cortege, also captured on film, made the same journey just six months later.
The Detroit Publishing Company Collection contains eleven photographs of Pennsylvania Avenue at the turn of the century. Compare these images with photographs by Theodor Horydczak taken in the 1930s and 1940s and available in the Horydczak Collection. Search each of these collections on Pennsylvania Avenue to access these pictures.
The New York Public Library
Built on the site of the Croton Reservoir, the immense marble Beaux-Arts structure required a decade of preparation and construction. With room for exhibitions as well as a picture gallery, the New York Public Library was designed to meet a variety of educational needs. Strategically situated above seven floors of stacks, its main reading room provided researchers with requested materials as quickly as possible.The New York Public Library building. c[between 1910 and 1920]. Detroit Publishing Company.Prints & Photographs Division
Upon his death in 1886, former New York governor Samuel J. Tilden (1814-86) left money in trust for the creation of a free public library and reading room in New York City. Nearly ten years later, the Tilden Trust External combined with two existing research institutions—the Lenox Library and the Astor Library—to form the New York Public Library. The Library also assumed management of both the New York Free Circulating Library and a new branch library system funded by philanthropist Andrew Carnegie.New York City Public Library. New York: A.C. Co., c1911. Robert N. Dennis Collection of Stereoscopic Views.External
“It can hardly be thought extravagant to say that no site better adapted for a structure of suitable proportions for a metropolitan library could be carved out of any part of the city than this of Bryant Park. It is on the highest ground between the Central Park and the Battery; it is, and will continue to be, central as long as any place in New York is ever likely to be central…”
“The Tilden Trust Library: What Shall It Be?”External By John Bigelow. Scribner’s Magazine. (September 1892) v.12, #3; pp287-300. The Making of AmericaExternal
Read more on https://loc.gov Today in History – May 23
—— AUTO – GENERATED; Published (Halifax Canada Time AST) on: May 23, 2018 at 09:03AM