SOUTH SUDAN: Revitalizing peace by Museveni, Kiir will not succeed
By Duop Chak Wuol
SUDAN TRIBUNE – There are valid reasons to believe that the ongoing revival of the August 2015 power-sharing deal will not succeed. In early 2013, Presidents Salva Kiir and Yoweri Museveni took a blood-oath in Kampala to arrest or kill any potential South Sudanese who refused to succumb to Kiir’s cruelty. The two men are in the same position: ready to deceive, use delaying tactics, and impede the revitalization process. History and publicly available researched data show that most oppressive regimes tend to pursue interests that are not compatible with what their citizens want — it is from this abstract knowledge that Kiir and Museveni are prepared to not engage in any outcome of peace talks unless such a result empowers Kiir’s ruthlessness.
The Ugandan President is a self-proclaimed regional ally of Kiir, a master of deception, and knows how to fool world leaders, particularly Western ones. Museveni, who effectively outmanoeuvred former United States President Barak Obama in South Sudan’s civil war, is ready to subvert any attempt to find a peaceful solution to the conflict. He did this by cunningly telling Obama that South Sudanese rebel leader Dr Riek Machar is the problem, and that isolating him from the East African region would end the war.
Most of Kiir’s followers would argue that the Ugandan leader did nothing wrong and that blaming him for South Sudan’s crisis is wrong. But this is not a blaming game. I know for a fact that Kiir and his supporters do not want peace. Let us assume criticizing Museveni is a nonsensical game. Let us also presume, for some mysterious reason, that Museveni is a good person who simply decided to support Kiir’s regime. If this is true, then we can conclude that Museveni’s one-sided involvement in South Sudan’s conflict is reasonable. However, this is not the case.
Yoweri Museveni is the co-founder of South Sudan’s civil war. He taught Kiir how to eliminate potential opponents and use unknown gunmen to terrorize people. Museveni also educated Kiir on how to carry out a violent campaign against other ethnicities he deemed a threat to his rather tribal leadership. The two East African bloody allies believe in the annihilation of other ethnicities. In fact, Kiir got most of his policies from Museveni. Museveni is the main investor in Kiir’s atrocious regime, and convincing him to abandon Kiir requires a collective strategy from peace partners.
It is a known fact that Salva Kiir and Yoweri Museveni are renowned cruel tyrants who are fascinated with an iron-fisted leadership style. For one to think that the restoration of peace will succeed is not just absurd, but purely imaginary. Museveni’s pledge to keep Kiir in power is real. He recently called for urgent elections in South Sudan. He claimed in his rather scandalous appeal to the United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres that the only way to end South Sudan’s civil war is by conducting elections, which I believe will not bring an end to the ongoing armed conflict. There is nothing wrong with calling for elections, but conducting elections in South Sudan at this time would be pure baloney. Anyone who thinks consciously would not dare to call for elections under the current circumstances. South Sudan is simply too dangerous to hold elections.
Museveni is also known for being a calculating intriguer. For peace to come to South Sudan, the Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), African Union (AU), Troika countries, and the international community must confront the Ugandan leader and tell him to stop his destructive policy on South Sudan. The South Sudanese did not wage war against Khartoum’s regime only to introduce Museveni’s tyranny. Museveni’s involvement in South Sudan’s internal affairs cannot be rationally justified. His decision to protect Juba’s regime is mainly influenced by South Sudan’s economic potential. In exchange, Kiir took a script from Museveni’s purging doctrine to silence his adversaries and treat other tribes as less important.
Most organized societies are not shaped by everyone, but rather by determined individuals who embrace togetherness, prioritize national issues, and reject any policy deemed to be disparaging. In any structured society, subjugating people based on their tribal roots always carries a political, economic, or social risk. I believe that most peaceful nations understand the goodness of diversity. Kiir’s decision to champion ethnic supremacy has destroyed South Sudan.
The author can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.