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Why African Leaders can’t dare redraw the “Bad Colonial Boundaries” (PHOTOS)

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WHY AFRICAN LEADERS CAN’T DARE REDRAW THE “BAD COLONIAL BOUNDARIES”

CHANGE OF GUARDS – From Nov 15, 1884 – Feb 2, 1885, European imperial powers converged in Berlin to define their spheres of influence in Africa. This conference that has been dubbed The Partition of Africa by historians, paved the way for the founding of protectorates and colonies in Africa. This colonial division was concluded with the annexation of Egypt in 1914. This partition ignored the ethnic composition of Africa. As a consequence, a significant portion of the population belong to groups split by colonial partition. Closely related ethnic groups found themselves in different colonial regions/spheres.

With the attainment of independence from the late 1950s through the 1960s, independent African states were born out of fragmented colonial boundaries. Selfish and greedy African leaders have only stopped at lamenting over how the colonialists had divided Africans. No leader has ever dared to suggest a mechanism to correct the “wrong colonial boundaries”.  As a consequence, these borderland communities have been the major victims of discrimination and economic deprivation from their respective central governments.

Co-ethnic groups across the border have been used in aggression against neighboring countries. Imagine if the area occupied by the so-called Banyamulenge in eastern DRC had been geographically located in Rwanda!! Africa has witnessed the highest number of calls for secession by certain communities. Similarly, the existence of separatist movements and rise in Jihadism and Islamic State insurgents as well as such borderland communities being prone to violence and civil strife must be taken in context of history. The latest incident is the cold blooded massacre of hundreds of ethnic Bakonjo of Uganda by Museveni’s army on accusation of harbouring a secessionist agenda.

With 825 different ethnic communities, almost 28% of these communities are cut by national boundaries. Just take a look at these few examples;
– The Tuaregs and Libya’s civil war.
– The Banyarwanda of Congo, Uganda and Tanzania.
– The Somalis of Kenya and Ethiopia.
– The Acholi of Uganda and South Sudan.
– The Senufu of Mali, Ivory Coast and Burkinafaso.
– The Alur of Congo and Uganda.
– The English and French Speaking Cameroonians.
– Afar people of Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti.
– The Makonde of Mozambique and Tanzania.
– The Luo-Nuer of South Sudan and the Jikany Nuer of Ethiopia.

What about Iddi Amin’s attempted annexation of Kagera from Tanzania, the Nigeria-Cameroon conflict over Bakasi Peninsular, the secession of Western Sahara, the bloody Biafra conflict in Nigeria and many more examples.

Here below, we examine why post independence African leaders don’t want to tackle the issue:-

1. AUTOCRACY
History has proven that most of the leaders who were at the forefront of ending colonialism were simply self-seekers. They had only been envious of the powers of colonial administrators. Once the African leaders assumed those powers, they proved to be worse than the colonialists that they had replaced. The so-called liberators retained all the colonial laws and in some cases strengthened them to suit their situation. They retained and still exercise unlimited powers in suppressing all forms of rights and freedoms, kill, maim, detain without trial, banish, and exile their citizens. They rebuke any external forces that try to come to the aid of the oppressed Africans by branding them Western Imperialists /neocolonialists.

2. ABSOLUTE POWERS
These African leaders truly enjoy their positions, powers and privileges. They enjoy titles like Head of State, President, Prime Minister, Commander in Chief, etc. They enjoy being above the law thus immunity from both civil and criminal proceedings. They enjoy the powers to appoint and fire different government officials. They enjoy unlimited control of state resources, signing Death Warrants and pardoning of convicts, usurping of both legislative and judicial powers, 21 Gun Salute and inspection of Guard of Honours and owning a Presidential Jet and attending the annual UN General Assembly in New York and AU in Addis Ababa.

3. MILITARY SCARE CROWS They enjoy building of armies under the guise of defending their territorial integrity but in actual sense such armies are just mere scarecrows meant to scare their own citizens and neighbouring countries. Their militaries take a big chunk of the national budget and are,  in most cases, used as a conduit for swindling of national resources. Their armies have never targeted attacking the so-called imperialists but instead are used in aggression against each other that accounts for civil wars and huge refugee influx. Even when they ganged up against the white minority rule of South Africa, they couldn’t assemble a continental force to confront the South African Defence Force.

They spend a huge chunk of their budgets on sustaining intelligence services that claim to spy on fellow African countries who have nothing worthy calling secrets other than schemes to undermine each other. These secrets services are instead preoccupied with suppressing internal dissent by their own citizens. Related to the role of the security forces, there is the equally disgusting Immigration Services who find a lot of pride in rounding up fellow Africans whom they label as aliens.

4. GREED
Though many of these African leaders pronounce their respective territories to be republics, they enjoy a monarchical status. They rule together with their families and cronies who enjoy immense economic benefits at the expense of the impoverished citizens. They impose heavy taxes on citizens so as to get what to steal and to sustain their luxurious lifestyles. Not forgetting the brutality associated with curbing smuggling by mostly these borderland communities.

It is against the above background that all past attempts at having a political confederation of African states was failed and continues to be failed by the same selfish African leaders.

In 1961, seven African states (Ghana, Libya, Egypt, Algeria, Mali, Guinea and Morocco) met in Casablanca. They pushed for a political unification of African states through a transfer of power from national governments to a supernatural Pan African authority. They even suggested formation of one army. They were branded Radicalist Casablanca Group by the rest of the leaders who favoured retention of their sovereign states. Those leaders who opposed the Casablanca Group also met in Monrovia in May 1961 to push for economic cooperation and harmonious coexistence but without political federation. The two camps of Casablanca and Monrovia got entangled into the Cold War between the USA and Russia.

It was only Ethiopia’s Emperor Haille Selassie who saved the situation when he brought together the two groups to give birth to the Organisation of African Unity in 1963 (OAU). Since 1963, other than the leaders meeting annually to issue anti-imperialist rhetorics and passing of empty resolutions, the ordinary Africans benefited nothing from the OAU. They were only preoccupied with assurances of non aggression through the entrenched principle of ‘non interference and national sovereignty’, hence why it was called the “Club of Dictators”.

They focused on the so called ‘liberation of South Africa’ from the White minority rule while their respective governments were worse than the the Apartheid South Africa. The so called OAU Liberation Committee and the Front-line States that championed the independence of Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Namibia, South Africa and Angola did more damage to their own citizens. They closed African harbours to South African ships, closed their airspace to South African Aircrafts and pressed the UN to expel South Africa from the WHO. It is now the same leaders who are flocking to South Africa to access first class medical facilities and tap into its economic boom.

After the death of Nkurumah in 1972, it was Libya’s Gadafi who took up the mantle of championing the African unity. In 1974, the OAU founding leader, Emperor Hailed Selassie was assassinated and buried in a pit latrine by Col. Mengstu Hails Meriam. That same year, Col. Mengistu hosted all the African leaders for the OAU and the they praised him for the warm and generous hospitality.

Without shame, last week the same African leaders unveiled a statue of Emperor Haile Selassie in Addis Ababa. By the time Gaddafi died recently, he was being resisted by some fellow African leaders. Uganda’s military dictator, Museveni took the lead by accusing Gaddafi of pushing for an Arab/Islamic agenda on the African continent. No wonder the OAU was disbanded giving rise to the AU in 2002.

Even where some selfish leaders have advocated for regional blocks, political federation is impossible because none is willing to relinquish his ‘kingdom’. Instead, they are motivated by the need to secure their grip on power by having friendly neighbourhood under the cover of a regional grouping. It is a mechanism to enforce the OAU/AU principle of non interference and non intervention in the so called ‘internal affairs’ of a member state. The EAC political federation is a dream never come true.

Therefore, the so-called struggle for independence was just a way of replacing the colonial rulers with the black monarchical rule. That is why after the departure of the colonial administration, the continent suffered political, economic and social degeneration. Africa will never unite owing to greed and selfishness of some of its leaders.

INFORMATION IS POWER AND THE PROBLEM OF UGANDA IS MUSEVENISM

—— AUTO – GENERATED; Published (Halifax Canada Time AST) on: February 12, 2019 at 07:12PM

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