SOUTH AFRICA: US Intelligence Documents on Nelson Mandela Made Public
State department memo about a congressional delegation trip led by House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Howard Berman (D-CA) to South Africa in July 2008. The CoDel learned about trade and port security issues, the promotion of black ownership in the retail sector, met with ambassadors, and met with local leaders.
The Washington-based group Property of the People released the papers to mark the 100th anniversary of Mandela’s birth. It said it obtained them after years of litigation.
“The documents reveal that, just as it did in the 1950s and ’60s with Martin Luther King Jr. and the civil rights movement, the FBI aggressively investigated the U.S. and South African anti-apartheid movements as Communist plots imperiling American security,” the group’s president Ryan Shapiro said in a statement.
Children light candles beside a painting commemorating the 100th anniversary of South African revolutionary Nelson Mandela’s birth at an art school in Mumbai, India, July 18, 2018.
South Africa’s first black president, who died in 2013 and remains a global icon for his struggle against apartheid and message of reconciliation after 27 years in prison, was regarded with suspicion by Washington during the Cold War and remained on the U.S. terrorism watchlist until 2008.
Former U.S. President Barack Obama, left, delivers his speech at the 16th Annual Nelson Mandela Lecture at the Wanderers Stadium in Johannesburg, South Africa, July 17, 2018.
Mandela’s African National Congress (ANC) has been in power since the end of apartheid in 1994 and remains in a governing coalition with the South African Communist Party, which also resisted the white-minority government.
Southern Africa was a key Cold War battleground, as newly independent states in the region such as Angola and Mozambique aligned with Moscow.
Celebrations have been held across South Africa this week to mark Mandela’s 100th birthday, including a speech on Tuesday by former U.S. president Barack Obama, who said the world should resist cynicism over the rise of strongmen.
—— AUTO – GENERATED; Published (Halifax Canada Time AST) on: July 19, 2018 at 09:02PM